Process and Environment


In Node.js, the process object is a global object that provides information about the current Node.js process and allows developers to interact with it. Some of the most commonly used properties and methods of the process object are:

  • process.argv: an array that contains the command line arguments passed to the current process

  • the ID of the current process

  • process.env: an object that contains the environment variables of the current process

  • process.exit(): terminates the current process with an optional exit code

Here's an example of how to use the process.argv property to get the command line arguments passed to a Node.js script:

// script.js

If we run this script with the command node script.js arg1 arg2, the output will be:

[ 'node', '/path/to/script.js', 'arg1', 'arg2' ]

This shows that the process.argv array contains the path to the Node.js executable, the path to the script being run, and the two arguments passed to the script.


The environment in Node.js refers to the set of variables that are available to a program at runtime. These variables are stored in the process.env object, which is an object containing key-value pairs of environment variable names and values.

Here's an example of how to use the process.env object to access environment variables:

// script.js

If we run this script with the command NODE_ENV=production node script.js, the output will be:


This shows that we can access the value of the NODE_ENV environment variable using the process.env object.


In conclusion, understanding the process and environment in Node.js is crucial for building scalable and high-performance applications. By using the process object and environment variables, developers can access and manipulate the runtime environment of their programs.